All Worksheets

"Race to the Bottom" Corporate Complicity in Chinese Internet Censorship [2006]

Human Rights Watch
“In recent years, China has made enormous strides in economic development and modernization, particularly in urban areas. It now attracts more foreign investment than any other country in the world as international companies are increasingly attracted to a huge potential market and a source of che...

“Are You Happy to Cheat Us?” Exploitation of Migrant Construction Workers in Russia [2009]

Human Rights Watch
“Russia’s remarkable domestic construction boom—fuelled by high energy prices, the engine of the country’s economic growth over recent years—has been made possible by millions of migrant workers, most from countries of the former Soviet Union. However, large numbers of these workers are su...

A Bitter Cup: The exploitation of tea workers in India and Kenya supplying British supermarkets [2010]

War on Want
“The tea industry is a booming global business. With 3.5 million tons of tea produced each year – including 1.6 million tons for export – tea harvesting is an important source of income for millions of workers across the globe. India and Kenya are two of the world’s top four tea-producing na...

A Generation Poisoned by Lead: A Follow-Up Report on the Health, Environmental Crisis in Abra Pampa, Argentina [2011]

Bernard and Audre Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice/ University of Texas at Austin Law School
“The Clinic documents the history of the Metal Huasi smelting plant in Abra Pampa, Its closure, the thousands of tons of toxic metal waste left at various sites around the city, the removal of the metal waste from the site of the former plant at the end of 2008 and the lack of adequate precauti...

A Job or Your Rights: Continued Sex Discrimination in Mexico's Maquiladora Sector [1998]

Human Rights Watch
"In August 1996 Human Rights Watch released a report on labor force sex discrimination in Mexico. The report, "No Guarantees: Sex Discrimination in Mexico’s Maquiladora Sector," showed that women applying for work in Mexico’s export processing (maquiladora) sector along the U.S.-Mexico border we...

A Legacy of Harm: Occidental Petroleum in Indigenous Territory in the Peruvian Amazon [2007]

EarthRights International, Racimos de Ungurahui, Amazon Watch
"Over the course of 30 years of operations in indigenous Achuar territory in the Peruvian Amazon, Los Angeles-based Occidental Petroleum Corporation (Oxy) knowingly engaged in destructive practices which severely contaminated unique and sensitive ecosystems and caused profound impacts upon the right...

A Poisonous Mix: Child labor, Mercury & Artisanal Gold Mining in Mali [2011]

Human Rights Watch
“Mining is one of the most hazardous work sectors in the world, yet child labor is common in artisanal mining. This report looks at the use of child labor in Mali’s artisanal gold mines, located in the large gold belt of West Africa. Mali is Africa’s third largest gold producer after South Af...

A Prescription for Failure: Health and Intellectual Property in the Dominican Republic [2010]

Georgetown Human Rights Action/Human Rights Institute Fact-Finding Mission
“In the United States, trade policy is generally considered an economic issue. But for developing countries like the Dominican Republic, it can be a matter of life and death. This report… seeks to shed light on how the intellectual property provisions of the Dominican Republic – Central Ame...

A Report on Sexual Harassment in the Workplace in Mexico [2003]

International Labor Rights Fund
"This report is intended to study the scope and extent of sexual harassment faced by women workers in Mexico. It is part of a series of similar reports for the International Labor Rights Fund’s Rights for Working Women Campaign, with the aim of preventing violence in the workplace against women in...

A Strange Case: Violations of Workers’ Freedom of Association in the United States by European Multinational Corporations [2011]

Human Rights Watch
“Europe-based companies that proclaim their adherence to international labor law and standards that are embodied in their home countries’ domestic laws, and largely complied with, too often fail to live up to such commitments when they begin or take over operations in the United States, where th...

A Test of Inequality: Discrimination Against Women Living with HIV in the Dominican Republic [2004]

Human Rights Watch
"This report focuses on what Human Rights Watch believes are the two areas most immediately in need of reform. The first is discrimination against women in the workplace, in particular through involuntary HIV tests administered to workers and jobseekers. Our research showed that women who apply for ...

Abra Pampa: a Community Polluted, a Community Ignored The Struggle for Environmental and Health Rights in Argentina [2009]

Human Rights Clinic at the University of Texas School of Law
"Too little too late summarizes the Argentinean State response to the environmental and health crisis produced by mining activity in Abra Pampa, a town with roughly 12,000 indigenous residents in the Northwestern province of Jujuy, Argentina. The lead smelting plant Metal Huasi operated in the cente...

Aldi's Clothing Bargains –Discount Buys Discounting Standards?: Working Conditions in Aldi‘s Suppliers in China and Indonesia, Suggestions for Consumer and Trade Union Action [2007]

SÜDWIND Institut für Ökonomie und Ökumene
“One consumer in two in Germany buys clothing from Discounters…To attract even more customers, discounters are also increasingly selling high value goods, also at extremely low prices. In recent years, retailers new to the textile and clothing (T&C) trade such as Germany’s largest discounter, ...

All At Sea: The Abuse of Human Rights Aboard Illegal Fishing Vessels [2010]

Environmental Justice Foundation
“Globally Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) or ‘pirate’ fishing is plundering fish stocks, devastating marine environments and stealing from some of the poorest countries and people....Globally, pirate fishing accounts for US$10 – 23.5 billion each year, representing between 11 and 2...

An exclusive trip: An Evaluation of the Effects of Tourism on Thailand and Brazil [2008]

SwedWatch, Fair Trade Center
"Tourism is one of the world’s most important and fastest growing industries, with a gross value of more than 7 billion US dollars. The industry creates many jobs and employs more than 200 million people, a massive 11 per cent of the global workforce. More Swedish tourists are holidaying in Thail...

Bad Dreams: Exploitation and Abuse of Migrant Workers in Saudi Arabia [2004]

Human Rights Watch
"It is undeniable that many foreigners employed in the kingdom, in jobs from the most menial to the highest skilled, have returned home with no complaints. But for the women and men who were subjected to abysmal and exploitative working conditions, sexual violence, and human rights abuses in the cri...

Bearing the Burden: The Effects of Mining on First Nations in British Columbia [2010]

The International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School (IHRC)
“Rich in mineral resources, the traditional lands of First Nations in British Columbia (B.C.) have been targets of Canada’s active mining industry. Mining provides important revenue for the province, so many people welcome it. It also, however, frequently interferes with First Nations’ use of...

Blood, Sweat, and Fear: Workers’ Rights in U.S. Meat and Poultry Plants [2004]

Human Rights Watch
"Workers in American beef, pork, and poultry slaughtering and processing plants perform dangerous jobs in difficult conditions. Dispatching the nonstop tide of animals and birds arriving on plant kill floors and live hang areas is itself hazardous and exhausting labor. After slaughter, the carcasses...

Bosnia and Herzegovina: Behind Closed Gates: Ethnic Discrimination in Employment [2006]

Amnesty International
“Between 1992 and 1995 the three major ethnic groups of today’s Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian Croats, fought a bitter conflict for political and economic power. Tens of thousands of people were killed and millions were driven from their homes...

Building Towers, Cheating Workers Exploitation of Migrant Construction Workers in the United Arab Emirates [2006]

Human Rights Watch
“As the UAE undergoes one of the largest construction booms in the world, at least half a million migrant construction workers are employed there. Behind the glitter and luxury, the experiences of these migrant workers present a much less attractive picture—of wage exploitation, indebtedness to ...

Bulldozing Progress: Human Rights Abuses and Corruption in Papua New Guinea’s Large Scale Logging Industry [2006]

Centre for Environmental Law and Community Rights Inc. (CELCoR), Australian Conservation Foundation
“The PNG logging industry is dominated by a handful of Malaysian companies, the largest of which is Rimbanan Hijau. It is an industry that is synonymous with political corruption, police racketeering and the brutal repression of workers, women and those who question its ways. Its operations routin...

By the Numbers: Findings of the Detainee Abuse and Accountability Project [2006]

Center Human Rights and Global Justice, Human Rights First, Human Rights Watch
“In order to collect and analyze allegations of abuse of detainees in U.S. custody in Afghanistan, Iraq, and at the Guantánamo Bay detention facility, and to assess what actions, if any, the U.S. government has taken in response to credible allegations, the Center for Human Rights and Global Jus...

Capacitating Electronics: The corrosive effects of platinum and palladium mining on labour rights and communities [2007]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)
"The focus of this report is on the supply chain issues related to the mining stage of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs)...The report describes one exemplary link of platinum, from the mining stage in South Africa to the end use of the metal in electronic products...In the electronics industry, extractiv...

Cashing In: Giant retailers, purchasing practices, and working conditions in the garment industry [2009]

Clean Clothes Campaign
“This is a report about giant retailers – often referred to as supermarkets or big box retailers – such as Walmart, Tesco, Carrefour, Lidl, and Aldi. … But most importantly, it’s a report about the people –mostly women – who make the clothes on sale in giant retailers. … it is these ...

Child Bondage Continues in Indian Cotton Supply Chain [2007]

International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF), OECD Watch, Deutsche Welthungerhilfe (DWHH), India Committee of the Netherland (ICN), Eine Welt Netz NRW (EWN NRW).
"The recent trends in employment of child labour in hybrid cottonseed production in different states in India clearly indicate that the overall number of children employed in this sector is on the rise. The conditions in the fields continue to be very unsafe and exploitative for the children. The ch...

Childbreaking Yards: Child Labour in the Ship Breaking Industry in Bangladesh [2008]

International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) & Young Power in Social Action (YPSA)
"FIDH began investigating the general working condition at shipbreaking yards in Bangladesh and India in 2002. In 2005, YPSA, Greenpeace and FIDH published a joint report focusing on dead and injured workers. With Childbreaking Yards, FIDH and YPSA portray child labour at Chittagong’s shipbreaking...

Chinese Mining Operations in Katanga [2009]

Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID), Action Contre l’impunité pour les Droits Humains (ACIDH), Plateforme des Activistes des Droits de l’Homme de Likasi (PADHOLIK)
"This report, the first of its kind, provides a snapshot of working conditions in Katanga in Chinese-run enterprises. It synthesizes the views, experiences, concerns and recommendations of Chinese and Congolese workers interviewed. The report is based on a survey carried out in 2008 by RAID into wor...

Clearing the Hurdles: Steps to Improving Wages and Working Conditions in the Global Sportswear Industry [2008]

Maquila Solidarity Network, Play Fair 2008 Campaign
“The brands that dominate the global sportswear industry are making handsome profits. Since the Athens Olympics in 2004, Nike, Puma, adidas, Kappa, ASICS, Yue Yuen, Under Armour and Li Ning have all increased their profits by a healthy margin – some by over 200%.... In contrast, the workers who...

Clouds of injustice: Bhopal disaster 20 years on [2004]

Amnesty International
"Twenty years ago around half a million people were exposed to toxic chemicals during a catastrophic gas leak from a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India. More than 7,000 people died within days. A further 15,000 died in the following years. Around 100,000 people are suffering chronic and debilitating i...

Colombia: Laboratory of war - Repression and violence in Arauca [2004]

Amnesty International
“The reality of war in Colombia is stark. …it is the civilian population that invariably bears the brunt of the repression and violence inflicted on it by the warring parties – the security forces and their paramilitary allies, and the armed opposition groups. This is the case in the oil-rich,...

Connecting Components, Dividing Communities: Tin Production for Consumer Electronics in the DR Congo and Indonesia [2007]

FinnWatch
"Violation of human rights and environmental degradation are rampant in countries rich in minerals but in which democracy and good governance are absent. Having followed the discussion on coltan, and hearing news from the DRC about the ongoing conflict, FinnWatch decided to find out more about the d...

Contemporary forms of slavery in Pakistan [1995]

Human Rights Watch
a. “Millions of workers in Pakistan are held in contemporary forms of slavery. Throughout the country employers forcibly extract labor from adults and children, restrict their freedom of movement, and deny them the right to negotiate the terms of their employment. Employers coerce such workers in...

Corporate Geography, Labour Conditions and Environmental Standards in the Mobile Phone Manufacturing Industry in India [2009]

CIVIDEP and Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)
"The purpose of the follow-up study on the mobile phone manufacturing industry in India is to update the India section of the SOMO study published in November 2006.1 It aims to asses the changes and developments in the sector in India since the previous field research was carried out by Cividep duri...

Corporate Social Responsibility in the Diamond Mining Industry in Botswana: De Beers, Botswana and the Control of a Country [2009]

The Bench Marks Foundation
"This study of corporate social responsibility in the diamond mining industry in Botswana deals with the nature of mining investment in Botswana, the conflict of interest between the government and De Beers, and the impact of mining on indigenous peoples. Botswana relies predominantly on one commod...

Corporations and Human Rights: Freedom of Association in a Maquila in Guatemala [1997]

Human Rights Watch
"This report helps identify ways in which forms of discriminatory treatment that are seemingly minor--when contrasted with physical abuse, threats of violence and illegal dismissals--may still undermine the right to free association of workers. The report highlights the need for safeguards against a...

Cultivating Fear The Vulnerability of Immigrant Farmworkers in the US to Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment [2012]

Human Rights Watch
a. “Victims of sexual violence and harassment are often reluctant to describe these experiences, yet nearly all of the 52 workers we interviewed…said they had experienced sexual violence or harassment or knew other workers who had.” (p. 3) b. “Human Rights Watch’s investigation found that...

Day and Night at the Factory: Working Conditions of Temporary Workers in the Factories of Nokia and Its Suppliers in Southern China [2005]

Institute of Contemporary Observation (ICO), Finnwatch, Finnish ECA (Export Credit Agency) Reform Campaign
"This case study analysed working conditions at a joint venture of one of the world’s largest telecommunications companies, Nokia, and at Nokia’s main subcontractors and suppliers in China. The goal was to analyse the relationships between migrant workers and Nokia and the Chinese electronics ...

Decent Work: The Cambodian Garment Industry [2007]

One World Action
"Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in Asia with around 80% of the population living on less than 2 US$ a day. The garment industry in Cambodia has developed rapidly over the past decade and plays an important role in the country’s economy, generating both income and jobs. With an enormous n...

Decent Work? The Cambodian Garment Industry [2007]

Solidar, OneWorld Action
"Cambodia is one of the poorest countries in Asia with around 80% of the population living on less than 2 US$ a day. The garment industry in Cambodia has developed rapidly over the past decade and plays an important role in the country’s economy, generating both income and jobs. With an enormous n...

Deliberate Chaos: Ongoing Human Rights Abuses in the Marange Diamond Fields of Zimbabwe [2010]

Human Rights Watch
"In 2008, Zimbabwe’s military launched a bloody crackdown in eastern Zimbabwe after diamonds were discovered in the fields of Marange (otherwise known as Chiadzwa). Police and soldiers, deployed by the government, massacred some 200 people as they seized control of the area. They beat and raped lo...

Deliberate Indifference: El Salvador's Failure to Protect Workers' Rights [2003]

Human Rights Watch
"Employers have come to see labor rights standards as optional, treating violations as something that can be cured, if need be, with these small payments, a cost of doing business. For workers, the result is a chill on union activity, heightened job insecurity, and, at times, loss of access to affor...

Digging in Corruption: Fraud, Abuse and Exploitation in Katanga's Copper and Cobalt Mines [2006]

Global Witness
"The province of Katanga, in the south-east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), is one of the world’s richest copper and cobalt producing areas. Yet the people of Katanga, as in the rest of the DRC, remain extremely poor, and the state has failed to provide most of the province with basic i...

Discounting Rights: Walmart’s Violation of US Workers’ Right to Freedom of Association [2007]

Human Rights Watch
"Wal-Mart is a case study in what is wrong with US labor laws. It is not alone among US companies in its efforts to combat union formation, following the incentives set out in unbalanced US labor laws that tilt the playing field decidedly in favor of anti-union agitation. It is also not alone in vio...

Doe Run Peru in La Oroya: The impact on women’s rights [2007]

Rights and Democracy, Centro de Promoción y Estudios de la Mujer Andina “Lulay” (CEPEMA)
"In 1997, Doe Run Peru S.R.L. purchased a state-owned smelter complex in La Oroya, a Peruvian town in the Andes Mountains. The complex, in operation since 1922, produces copper, lead, zinc, silver, gold, and other products, which emit a mix of pollutants. In 2006, La Oroya was named one of the 10 m...

Don't Mine us out of Existence: Bauxite Mine and Refinery Devastate Lives in India [2010]

Amnesty International
"Communities living in south-west Orissa in eastern India – already one of the poorest areas of the country – are at threat from the expansion of an alumina refinery and plans for a new bauxite mining project. They have been effectively excluded from the decision-making process, and the land the...

Dutch banks and human rights in practice: A practical study for the Fair Bank Guide [2011]

Oxfam Novib, Milieudefensie, Amnesty International, FNV Mondiaal and Dierenbescherming
“This study focuses specifically on the investment relationships with three raw materials extraction companies that were systematically involved in these types of human rights violations in recent years. These human rights violations were documented extensively in recent Amnesty International repo...

Easy to Manage - a Report on the Chinese Toy Workers and the Responsibility of the Corporations [2004]

SwedWatch
“In the past year SwedWatch has carried out research on the Nordic companies’ purchase of toys in China. We have found that violations of the workers’ rights are recurrent phenomena in the manufacturing of toys that we give to our children... SwedWatch has chosen to focus our research on some ...

Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Rights Violations in Eucalyptus Monoculture: Aracruz Cellulose and the State of Espírito Santo [2002]

Green Desert Alert Network, Federation of Organizations for Social and Educational Assistance (FASE), Sindicato dos Trabalhadores Rurais de Muniz Freire, Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem-Terra, Associação dos Geógrafos d
"Until the 1950s, the Brazilian government offered subsidies for the importation of cellulose pulp. But after the military dictatorship was established in 1964, successive forest policies were initiated for promoting plantations and large-scale enterprises oriented toward pulp exportation, through i...

El Salvador: Turning a Blind Eye [2004]

Human Rights Watch
"As this report documents, children’s health and safety are not guaranteed in sugarcane cultivation, and plantation foremen turn a blind eye to the fact that children as young as eight cut cane. Even though many businesses that use Salvadoran sugar do not condone or permit child labor in their own...

Energy Insecurity: How Total, Chevron, and PTTEP Contribute to Human Rights Violations, Financial Secrecy, and Nuclear Proliferation in Burma (Myanmar) [2010]

EarthRights International
"In a remote, ethnically diverse area of southern Burma, Total, Chevron, and PTT Exploration & Production (PTTEP) partner with the Burmese military regime’s state oil company (the Myanma Oil and Gas Enterprise, or MOGE) on one of the world’s most controversial development projects: The Yadana Ga...

Experiences of forced labour in the UK food industry [2012]

2. Joseph Rowntree Foundation - Sam Scott, Gary Craig, Alistair Geddes
a. "The report is an empirical study of ‘forced labour’ among low-wage migrants within the UK food industry. “(p. 3) b. “For at least the past two decades there has been considerable concern at a policy level that the UK food industry harbours significant levels of exploitation that in its...

Faced with a gun, what can you do? War and the Militarisation of Mining in Eastern Congo [2009]

Global Witness
"This report documents the militarisation of mining in the conflict-affected areas of eastern DRC…The militarisation of mining in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is prolonging the armed conflict which has been tearing the country apart for more than 12 years. In many parts of the provin...

Fact Finding Mission Report: Oil Impacts in the Territory of the Native Community Canaan de Cachiyacu, Peru [2005]

EarthRights International
“The first commercial discovery of oil at the oil field “Maquía” was made in 1958. Since then, oil has been exploited in the area. In 1994, the company Maple Gas, from Texas, signed a License Agreement on Lot 31-B with PeruPetro S.A., representing the Peruvian government. According to MG’s ...

Fair Play - Always in Fashion! Consumers' Awareness and Working Conditions of Women in Sporting Goods Industry [2007]

Fair Play, Clean Clothes Campaign, Karat Coalition
“Many of Polish clothes manufacturing factories are small enterprises accepting orders from foreign companies. They compete for these orders with factories from other countries, including Asian states. Even if Polish manufacturers produce goods under their own brand, they cannot avoid Asian compet...

Fashion Victims II: How UK Clothing Retailers are Keeping Workers in Poverty [2008]

War on Want
“The original Fashion Victims report found that garment workers struggle to survive on extremely low pay, suffering poor working conditions, arduous hours and a complete lack of trade union representation in the factories. Two years on, this report shows how UK retailers have still not improved th...

Fashion Victims: The True Cost of Cheap Clothes at Primark, Asda and Tesco [2006]

War on Want
“This report…presents the results of systematic research and interviews conducted in Bangladesh with workers who make the clothes sold by bargain retailers such as Primark, Asda and Tesco. The findings of this research reveal the true human cost of the goods sold so cheaply to consumers in the U...

Fear for Life: Violence against Gay Men and Men Perceived as Gay in Senegal [2010]

Human Rights Watch
"Violence against people on the grounds of sexual orientation and gender expression escalated in Senegal starting in early 2008. Men who identify as or are perceived to be gay increasingly became targets of popular vengeance and arbitrary arrests. … We also examined how media and religious institu...

Fingers to the Bone: United States Failure to Protect Child Farmworkers [2000]

Human Rights Watch
"Agricultural work is the most hazardous and grueling area of employment open to children in the United States. It is also the least protected. Hundreds of thousands of children and teens labor each year in fields, orchards, and packing sheds across the United States. They pick lettuce and cantaloup...

FNV Company Monitor: Ahold [2006]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), FNV Bondgenoten
“This report investigates the Corporate Responsibility (CSR) policies of Ahold in the Czech Republic. It focuses on the relation of Ahold's CSR policies towards the local labour legislation, but also investigates wider implications as its relationship with trade unions, the function of trade union...

Forced Child Labour in Uzbekistan's 2007 Cotton Harvest: Survey Results [2008]

Group of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists of Uzbekistan
“The use of forced child labor in Uzbekistan’s cotton harvest is widespread, and violates both Uzbekistan’s domestic law and its international legal commitments…Children beginning in grade five, or at 10 years of age, are ordered out to the fields by their schools, which themselves are tran...

Forced Labor in Brazil Re-visited [1993]

Human Rights Watch
"On a recent mission to Brazil, an Americas Watch researcher entered two fazendas (large estates) in the state of Mato Grosso, interviewed witnesses and laborers there and observed, first-hand, forced labor conditions. What Americas Watch has noted in the past remains true today: in the inaccessibl...

Forgotten Schools: Right to Basic Education for Children on Farms in South Africa [2004]

Human Rights Watch
“The South African government is failing to protect the right to a primary education for children living on commercial farms by neither ensuring their access to farm schools nor maintaining the adequacy of learning conditions at these schools… This report documents cases where landowners obstruc...

From the Household to the Factory: Sex Discrimination in the Guatemalan Labor Force [2002]

Human Rights Watch
"Poor women, with little or no education, suffer gender-specific abuses when they work as domestic workers or maquiladora line operators. Live-in domestic workers, situated in private homes and performing "unskilled" tasks considered to be "women's work," are denied key labor rights protections in t...

Fuelling Fear: The Human Cost of Bio-Fuels in Colombia [2008]

War on Want
“This report has been written based on information produced by Palenque and complemented by War on Want’s own research. It looks at the role of the guerrillas, paramilitaries and state institutions in the continuing displacement affecting these communities, and in the multiple breaches of their ...

Garment Production in Malawi [2003]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), International Textile Garment and Leather Workers' Federation Africa, Workers College (S Africa)
“It is clear from the research conducted that the working conditions in the factories producing for US buyers are still horrendous and improvements are superfluous.” (p.13). “Whilst the traditional means of protecting workers rights in the form of labour law and trade unions exist in Malawi th...

Gold Rush: The Impact of Gold Mining on Poor People in Obuasi in Ghana [2006]

ActionAid
"While the price of gold dips from near-record levels on world markets, new ActionAid research highlights that poor people in Obuasi in Ghana are suffering huge social and environmental costs and alleged human rights abuses as a result of gold mining by a subsidiary of UK-listed mining giant Anglo A...

Gold's Costly Dividend: Human Rights Impacts of Papua New Guinea's Porgera Gold Mine [2011]

Human Rights Watch
“The Porgera gold mine—the subject of this report—is a potent symbol of both the perils and the financial rewards that extractive industries hold for Papua New Guinea. The mine is 95 percent owned and solely operated by Barrick Gold, a Canadian corporation that is the world’s largest gold mi...

Growing Pains: The Human Cost of Cut Flowers in British Supermarkets [2007]

War on Want
“The flowers imported into the UK are produced by intensive farming with pesticides under artificial conditions that endanger the workers involved.” (p. 2) “Women workers comprise the majority of employees in the flower industry in developing countries such as Colombia and Kenya. They are exp...

Growing Up in the Danger Fields: Child Labour in Vegetable Seed Production in India [2010]

International Labour Rights Forum, India Committee of the Netherlands, Stop Child Labour
"The principal aim of the present investigation is to examine the nature and magnitude of child labour in vegetable seed farms producing seed for both local and multinational companies. The present study focuses on five important crops namely tomato, sweet and hot pepper, okra and brinjal which are ...

Guatemala's Forgotten Children: Police Violence and Abuses in Detention [1997]

Human Rights Watch
“As a 1990 State Party to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Guatemala was one of the first countries to commit itself to respecting the human rights of children. Nearly seven years later, that commitment has borne little fruit. Thousands of children living in Guatemala's streets face rout...

Hard (Disk) Labour: Research Report on Labour Conditions in the Thai Electronics Sector [2007]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)
"From the research done by SOMO on the electronics industry in Thailand, a picture emerges of workers working long hours, for very little payment, with insufficient health and safety protection. They have little means to improve their conditions as in most factories the organisation of workers is ob...

Heavy Mittal? A State within a State: The inequitable Mineral Development Agreement between the Government of Liberia and Mittal Steel Holdings NV [2006]

Global Witness
"On 17 August 2005, the National Transitional Government of Liberia (NTGL) entered into a Mineral Development Agreement (MDA) with the world’s largest steel company, Mittal Steel, to exploit Liberia’s extensive reserves of iron ore, which could see Mittal Steel investing around US$900 million ov...

Hellish Work: Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan [2010]

Human Rights Watch
“Every year, tens of thousands of migrant workers from Kyrgyzstan travel to the Central Asian economic powerhouse of Kazakhstan in search of employment. Thousands of these migrant workers, often together with their children, find work in tobacco farming. Human Rights Watch research in 2009 documen...

Help Wanted: Abuses against Female Migrant Domestic Workers in Indonesia and Malaysia [2004]

Human Rights Watch
“This report provides a comprehensive account of the conditions faced by migrant domestic workers… Based on over one hundred firsthand accounts, it illustrates the endemic and often severe abuses that Indonesian domestic workers experience.” (p.3). “Indonesian women seeking employment in Mal...

Help Wanted: Hiring, Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery in the Global Economy [2010]

Verité
"This report begins by offering key findings from recent Verité research on the intersection of brokers, migrant workers and slavery. This research was performed in a variety of sectors and locales across the globe, including: the migration of adults from India to the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)...

Hidden Apartheid: Caste Discrimination against India's [2007]

Center for Human Rights & Global Justice, NYU with Human Rights Watch
“The denial of the right to work and free choice of employment lies at the very heart of the caste system. Dalits are forced to work in “polluting” and degrading occupations such as manual scavenging and are subject to exploitative labor arrangements such as bonded labor, migratory labor, and ...

Hidden in the Home: Abuse of Domestic Workers with Special Visas in the United States [2001]

Human Rights Watch
“In the past decade alone, tens of thousands of individuals, mostly women, arrived in the United States with special temporary visas to work as live-in migrant domestic workers. They work for foreign diplomats, officials of international organizations, foreign students and businesspeople, or U.S. ...

Hopes Betrayed: Trafficking of Women and Girls to Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina for Forced Prostitution [2002]

Human Rights Watch
“With the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in December 1995, violence against women and girls in Bosnia and Herzegovina did not cease. The grim sexual slavery of the war years has been followed by the trafficking of women and girls for forced prostitution. According to experts of nongovernmen...

Hot Chocolate: How cocoa fuelled the conflict in Côte d’Ivoire [2007]

Global Witness
“This report – Global Witness’s first report dedicated to the cocoa sector in Côte d’Ivoire – documents how revenues from the cocoa trade have contributed to funding armed conflict and how opportunities for enrichment from cocoa through corruption and misuse of revenues, both by the gover...

Human Rights Dammed Off at Three Gorges: An Investigation of Resettlement and Human Rights Problems in the Three Gorges Dam Project [2003]

International Rivers Network
"With a planned capacity of 18,200 megawatts, the Three Gorges Dam on China’s Yangtze River is the world’s largest power project… The biggest challenge for the dam-builders is the resettlement of the people living in the reservoir area. More than 1.2 million people – and according to some es...

Human Rights Impact Assessments for Foreign Investment Projects: Learning from Community Experiences in the Philippines, Tibet, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Argentina, and Peru [2007]

Rights and Democracy
Rights & Democracy launched a three year project in 2004 to develop and test a draft methodology for human rights impact assessments of foreign investment projects. This report presents its results. The project focused its research at the community level and selected five case studies to test the me...

Human Rights in Liberia's Rubber Plantations: Tapping into the Future [2006]

United Nations Mission in Liberia
"The management and use of natural resources in Liberia has been and continues to be a pressing problem, especially when viewed from a human rights perspective. This is particularly evident in Liberia’s rubber plantations where individuals and communities living and working on the plantations not ...

Human Rights on the Line: The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Pipeline Project [2003]

Amnesty International
“A consortium led by BP is planning to build two pipelines (one oil and one gas) from terminals near the Caspian Sea, through Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. The construction of the BTC pipeline is expected to begin in the first half of 2003 and to last around two years. The life of the pipeline i...

Ignoring the Law: Labour rights violations in the garment industry in Bangladesh [2009]

War on Want, National Garment Workers’ Federation (NGWF)
"Bangladeshi garment workers suffer from appalling conditions in the factories while earning well below a living wage and having limited or no benefits. Female workers, who make up nearly 85% of the garment sector workforce, are paid even less than their male counterparts, and are especially vulnera...

Improving Working Conditions at Chinese Natural Stone Companies [2008]

SwedWatch, Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), ITUC/GUF Hong Kong Liaison Office (IHLO), FinnWatch
""The research identified serious problems in the area of health and safety. The high-accident rate related to the quarrying and processing of natural stone puts workers under serious risk. The most common injuries are cuts and bruises to the hands, as well as crushed fingers, among those moving hea...

Inside the Home, Outside the Law: Abuse of Child Domestic Workers in Morocco [2005]

Human Rights Watch
"This report looks at child labor by girls under age eighteen who perform household tasks while living with their employers. Young girls engaged in child domestic labor are referred to as “petites bonnes” in Morocco, a term without a specific age cutoff but which is meant to differentiate betwee...

Ironbound Underground: Wage Theft & Workplace Violations Among Day Laborers in Newark’s East Ward [2010]

Immigrant Workers’ Rights Clinic Center for Social Justice
"In the State of New Jersey, day laborers are entitled to the same legal protections that apply to all workers, regardless of immigration status. However, both federal government reports and the New Jersey Governor’s Blue Ribbon Advisory Panel on Immigrant Policy have found that day laborers are a...

Joint Report on KILWA: A Year after the Massacre of October 2004 [2005]

Action Contre l'Impunite pour les Droits Humains (ACIDH), Rights and Accountability in Development (RAID)
“In October 2004 in Kilwa about 100 people – the majority of them innocent civilians – are believed to have been killed by the Congolese Armed Forces (Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo – FARDC). One of the areas of controversy concerns the use made by the Congolese mil...

Labour Conditions in IKEA’s Supply Chain: Case Studies in India, Bulgaria and Vietnam [2003]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)
"Following allegations in the press about bad working conditions in facilities producing for IKEA, the Nordic Federation of Building and Wood Workers (NFBWW), making use of the public pressure, approached in the fall of 1997 IKEA to discuss the publicly raised concerns. In 1998 IKEA signed a framewo...

Legal and Illegal Blurred: Update on Tin Production for Consumer Electronics in Indonesia [2009]

FinnWatch, makeITfair, Finnish Association for Nature Conservation (FANC)
"This FinnWatch update to the makeITfair project adds to the report published in 2007 on the social and environmental conditions on Indonesia’s tin mining island. The 2007 report described how tin has scarred two Indonesian islands, namely Bangka and Belitung, producing ghost towns and moonscapes...

Like Machines in the Fields: Workers Without Rights in American Agriculture [2004]

Oxfam America
“Like machines, nearly two million of workers in America’s fields labor without rights, earn sub-living wages, and exist in dehumanizing circumstances. … The persistence of inhumane conditions and poverty wages for farmworkers has long been a tragic chapter in the story of American agriculture...

Logging Off [2002]

Global Witness
"This report documents the character of the Liberian logging industry. It demonstrates how timber has replaced diamonds as the new source of funding for conflict in Liberia, and how that conflict is destabilising the region. This report addresses the role of many logging companies in illicit arms im...

Made in Southern Africa [2002]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), Trade Union Research Project (TURP), International Garment and Leather Workers Federation (ITGLWF)-Africa Region, and The Clean Clothes Campaign
“As documented in this research project, the working conditions found in garment-producing factories in this region are appalling. Based on the research findings it appears that workers rights are regularly and extremely violated. In the current situation, where most of the governments are not int...

Mali: Mining and human rights-International fact-finding mission report [2007]

International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
"The contribution of the mining sector to Malian development has been negligible, when not negative. The strong position of mining companies gives them an advantage in every aspect: they play up their voluntary programmes in favour of the local communities as per their “corporate social responsib...

Mining a Sacred Mountain: Protecting the human rights of indigenous communities [2007]

Rights and Democracy, International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development
"In 2005, the Canadian company TVI Pacific Inc. officially opened the Canatuan mine on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines, although the company had a presence in the area for several years before. Producing gold, silver, copper, and zinc, the open pit mine has created some jobs in an impover...

Mining Ombudsman Case Report: Didipio Gold and Copper Mine [2007]

Oxfam Australia
“This Mining Ombudsman case report highlights what can happen when a mining company fails to obtain the fully informed consent of affected communities before a project’s development. This failure can have detrimental impacts on a community even before mining operations begin. The report outlines...

Missed the Goal for Workers: The Reality of Soccer Ball Stitchers in Pakistan, India, China and Thailand [2010]

International Labor Rights Forum
“This report presents the key findings of the International Labor Rights Forum’s research in the four largest soccer balls producing countries: Pakistan, India, China and Thailand. This report also highlights the need to rethink the strategies being utilized by companies to encourage suppliers ...

Mobile Phone Production in China: A follow-up Report on Rwo Suppliers in Guangdong [2009]

Swed Watch, Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), makeITfair, Church of Sweden, Fair Trade Center
"In September 2008, makeITfair published a report entitled Silenced to Deliver: Mobile phone manufacturing in China and the Philippines, in which four Chinese factories in Guangdong were examined. Problems discovered included health and safety issues, excessive working hours, low wages and involunta...

Neither Jobs nor Justice: State Discrimination against Women in Russia [1995]

Human Rights Watch
"Economic and political changes in Russia have left many Russians staggering under the burdens of rising unemployment, high rates of inflation, disappearing social services and the encroaching threats of corruption and organized crime. Women in particular are suffering the consequences of such chang...

Nigeria: Are Human Rights in The Pipeline? [2004]

Amnesty International
"The Niger Delta is the main oil producing region of Nigeria, which is the largest oil producer in Africa, and the fifth-largest oil producer within the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the cartel of world’s leading oil producing countries. However, little of this wealth is di...

Nigeria: Crackdown in the Niger Delta [1999]

Human Rights Watch
"The military crackdown in Bayelsa and Delta States in late December 1998 and early January 1999 led to the deaths of several dozens of people, and probably more than one hundred; the torture and inhuman treatment of others; and the arbitrary detention of many more. These abuses took place as a resp...

Nigeria: Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the Niger Delta [2009]

Amnesty International
"This report focuses on the impact of pollution and environmental damage caused by the oil industry on the human rights of the people living in the Niger Delta. While there are other sources of pollution in the Niger Delta, the oil industry is a major contributor and moreover, has been for more than...

Nigeria: Ten years on: Injustice and Violence haunt the oil Delta [2005]

Amnesty International
"Ten years after the executions of writer and human rights campaigner Ken Saro-Wiwa and eight other members of the Ogoni ethnic community horrified the world, the exploitation of oil in the Niger Delta continues to result in deprivation, injustice and violence. Despite a return to civilian governmen...

No Guarantees: Sex Discrimination in Mexico's Maquiladora Sector [1996]

Human Rights Watch
"Maquiladoras, or export-processing factories, along the U.S.-Mexico border account for over US$29 billion in export earnings for Mexico and employ over 500,000 workers. At least half of the Mexicans employed in this sector, mainly in assembly plants, are women, and the income they earn supports the...

No Medal for the Olympics on Labour Rights [2007]

PlayFair 2008
“While the Olympics represent big bucks for many companies, these profits generally do not reach the workers making the sportswear and myriad of souvenirs being manufactured. The global sporting goods industry has drawn millions of people, mainly women, into employment. From China and Indonesia to...

No Rest: Abuses Against Child Domestics in El Salvador [2004]

Human Rights Watch
"Child domestics in El Salvador may work for up to sixteen hours each day, sometimes with only one or two days off each month. Over 60 percent of girls surveyed for a 2002 study by the International Labour Organization’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) reported ph...

Not Small Fry: Children’s Work in Bangladesh’s Shrimp Industry [1999]

Save the Children, Uttaran
“Bangladesh’s shrimp industry has been rapidly expanding since the early 1980s and is now a major source of export earnings. Despite its national economic benefits, it has been heavily criticised for its damaging environmental, social and political implications…existing research suggests that ...

Offside! Labour rights and sportswear production in Asia [2006]

Oxfam International
"This report considers 12 international sports brands — adidas, ASICS, FILA, Kappa, Lotto, Mizuno, New Balance, Nike, Puma, Reebok, Speedo and Umbro — and examines the steps they take to ensure their suppliers in Asia allow workers to organise trade unions and bargain collectively for better wag...

Once You Enter, You Never Leave: Deinstitutionalization of Persons with Intellectual or Mental Disabilities in Croatia [2010]

Human Rights Watch
“Living in the community often seems like a remote possibility for persons with disabilities—particularly those with intellectual or mental disabilities—who live in Croatian institutions. The government has pledged to improve the lives of persons with disabilities, including moving them out o...

One Year of My Blood: Exploitation of Migrant Construction Workers in Beijing [2008]

Human Rights Watch
"The engine behind the creation of the new Beijing is the estimated one to two million construction workers who toil on the city’s building sites. The efforts of that largely invisible army are too often rewarded by wage exploitation resulting from unfair or non-existent contracts and the denial o...

Open Pit Gold Mining: Human Rights Violations and Environmental Destruction: The Case of the Marlin Gold Mine - San Marcos, Guatemala [2005]

FIAN and Miseror
"The conflict around the Marlin Mine in Guatemala has led to a general climate of hostility, threats and violence, and to a strong divison of civil society. Even more so, when about 1.300 police and soldiers forced the opening of the Panamerican Highway in January 2005 after a 40 days’ peaceful bl...

Paying the Price: Worker Unrest in Northeast China [2002]

Human Rights Watch
"From March through May 2002, well-organized workers’ protests in three cities in northeastern China brought unprecedented numbers of disaffected, laid-off, and unemployed workers into the streets. In an area of high unemployment, extensive poverty, conspicuous wealth, and what is widely viewed as...

PHONY EQUALITY: Labour standards of mobile phone manufacturers in India [2011]

Finnwatch, Cividep & SOMO - Anibel Ferus-Comelo and Päivi Pöyhönen
a. "This report focuses on labour rights in the mobile phone industry in India and addresses working conditions in export processing zones (known as Special Economic Zones in India). The aim of this research is to get an understanding of unionisation and precarious employment in four mobile phone fa...

Playing with Labour Rights: Music Player and Game Console Manufacturing in China [2009]

FinnWatch, Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), Students and Scholars Against Corporate Misbehavior (SACOM)
“This report examines four factories operating in the Guangdong Province in China, namely Celestica Technology, Flextronics International, Vista Point Technologies belonging to Flextronics, and Hong Fu Jin Precision of Foxconn. Depending on who they supply, they are all first tier or second tier s...

Powering the Mobile World: Cobalt production for batteries in the DR Congo and Zambia [2007]

SwedWatch
"The Copperbelt of Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (the DRC) are the lifeblood of cobalt production. These two areas supply more than half of the world’s cobalt. China is one of their biggest clients, with a reported 90 percent of China’s cobalt imports coming from Africa, almost exc...

Razing Rafah: Mass Home Demolitions in the Gaza Strip [2004]

Human Rights Watch
“Over the past four years, the Israeli military has demolished over 2,500 Palestinian houses in the occupied Gaza Strip. Nearly two-thirds of these homes were in Rafah, a densely populated refugee camp and city at the southern end of the Gaza Strip on the border with Egypt. Sixteen thousand people...

Report from the March 20-27, 2010 Fact-finding Delegation to Chiapas, Mexico to Investigate the Assassination of Mariano Abarca Roblero and the Activities of Blackfire Exploration Ltd. [2010]

United Steelworkers, Common Frontiers, MiningWatch Canada
"This report is the product of a fact finding delegation to Chiapas, Mexico, to investigate the activities of Calgary-based Blackfire Exploration Ltd, a private Canadian mining company...The delegation found that once Mexican federal concessions for subsurface (mineral) rights were granted to Blackf...

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the adverse effects of the movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights, Mission to Côte d’Ivoire (4 to 8 August 2008) and the Netherlands (26 to 28 November 2 [2009]

UN Special Rapporteur on Toxic Waste
“The present report presents the findings and recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the adverse effects of the movement and dumping of toxic and dangerous products and wastes on the enjoyment of human rights deriving from his visits to Côte d’Ivoire, from 4 to 8 August 2008, and to the N...

Report on Canned Tuna: The Working Conditions in a Global Industry [2007]

Fair Trade Center
"For the tuna fish species tongol, which is caught locally in Thailand, it has been shown that many of the people who work on the fishing ships work under unacceptable conditions. Local fishing boat workers in Thailand tell of wages under the legal minimum, dangerous working conditions and systemat...

Report on Effects of Canadian Corporate Behavior on the Western Shoshone Peoples Located in the United States [2006]

Western Shoshone Defense Project
"This communication calls upon the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (hereinafter CESCR or the Committee) to take note of the involvement of Canadian corporations in the ongoing, serious and persistent pattern of human rights violations against the Western Shoshone peoples of the Wes...

Report on the conclusions of the Special Investigation into allegations of summary executions and other violations of human rights committed by the FARDC in Kilwa (Province of Katanga) on 15 October 2004. [2005]

United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC)
“According to local sources, following the counter-attack launched by the soldiers of the FARDC (62nd brigade led by Colonel Ilunga Ademars) on 15 October 2004 in order to dislodge an insurrection movement which was badly organised and poorly armed and which had occupied the locality of Kilwa in t...

Rights on the Line: Human Rights Watch Work on Abuses against Migrants in 2010 [2010]

Human Rights Watch
“In 2010, international migration helped fuel economies across the globe. However, international migration has sparked contentious political debate about control of irregular immigration, discrimination against migrant workers, and their integration into host countries. While some migrants have th...

Ripe with Abuse: Human Rights Conditions in South Africa’s Fruit and Wine Industries [2011]

Human Rights Watch - Kaitlin Cordes
"Yet the farmworkers who produce these goods for domestic consumption and international export are among the most vulnerable people in South African society: working long hours in harsh weather conditions, often without access to toilets or drinking water, they are exposed to toxic pesticides that ...

Rotten Fruit: Tesco profits as women workers pay a high price [2005]

Action Aid
"Tesco recently announced record profits of £2billion. But in South Africa thousands of women casual workers growing fruit on farms accredited by Tesco and other global retailers are being exploited as low prices and tougher standards are forced on local fruit farmers (p.2)... Tesco also supports t...

Sexual Harassment in the Export Processing Zones of the Dominican Republic [2003]

International Labor Rights Fund
“This report presents the most relevant findings of the research carried out by the Fundación Laboral Dominicana (FLD) as part of the ILRF’s Rights for Working Women Campaign. FLD was asked to investigate instances of sexual harassment in the Dominican Republic’s Export Processing Zones (EPZs...

Sexual Harassment In The Workplace: A Report from Field Research in Thailand - June 2002 [2002]

International Labor Rights Fund
"A research study conducted by the International Labor Rights Fund (ILRF) and project partners in Thailand has revealed that women workers in export industries in Thailand suffer from sexual harassment, including violent abuse and rampant discrimination, by their employers and supervisors. These wom...

Sexual Harassment: A Maquila Reality [2007]

Servicio Desarrollo y Paz, A.C. (SEDEPAC) & Colectiva Feminista Binacional
a. “The objective was to detect shortcomings in state, national, and international laws regarding the human, labor, sexual, and reproductive rights of maquila workers.” (p. 2) b. “The organizations that participated in this study have over ten years of experience working on issues related to ...

Silenced to Deliver: Mobile Phone Manufacturing in China and the Philippines [2008]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO), SwedWatch
"The five biggest mobile phone companies in the world – Nokia, Samsung, Motorola, LG and Sony Ericsson – have all adopted codes of conducts promising that the human rights and labour rights of workers must be guaranteed. However, the situation at the factories covered in this report shows that t...

Small Change: Bonded Child Labor in India's Silk Industry [2003]

Human Rights Watch
"Millions of children in India toil as virtual slaves, unable to escape the work that will leave them impoverished, illiterate, and often crippled by the time they reach adulthood. These are India’s bonded child laborers. A majority of them are Dalits, so-called untouchables. Bound to their employ...

Some Transparency, No Accountability: The Use of Oil Revenue in Angola and Its Impact on Human Rights [2004]

Human Rights Watch
“The Angolan government has consistently mismanaged its substantial oil revenues and, despite rhetorical commitments, has yet to demonstrate a meaningful commitment to reform. In recent years, literally billions of dollars in oil revenues have illegally bypassed the central bank and remain unaccou...

Striking Workers, Striking Oil: Violations of Labor Rights in Kazakhstan's Oil Sector [2012]

Human Rights Watch, Mihra Rittmann
“In particular, this report documents how the three companies and the Kazakh government violated the rights of oil workers to freedom of association, the right to organize and bargain collectively… based on interviews with oil workers in Kazakhstan’s petroleum sector who participated in strik...

Swept Under the Rug: Abuses Against Domestic Workers Around the World [2006]

Human Rights Watch
“Millions of women and girls around the world turn to domestic work as one of the few options available to them in order to provide for themselves and their families. Instead of guaranteeing their ability to work with dignity and free of violence, governments have systematically denied them key la...

Swimming Against the Current: The Teribe Peoples and the El Diquis Hydroelectric Project in Costa Rica [2010]

The Human Rights Clinic at The University of Texas School of Law
"The Teribe peoples of southern Costa Rica will lose 658 hectares of their land if a major national electricity and telephone provider, the Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE) goes forward with the El Diquís Hydroelectric Project (PHED)." [p. 3] ICE, a state entity, is the entity managing th...

Tainted Harvest: Child Labor and Obstacles to Organizing on Ecuador’s Banana Plantations [2002]

Human Rights Watch
"Roughly one quarter of all bananas on tables in the United States and the European Union are grown on plantations scattered along Ecuador’s coast, where workers’ international labor rights are flouted daily. Ecuador, the largest banana exporter in the world, whose plantations supply corporation...

Tearing Through the Water Landscape: Evaluating the environmental and social consequences of POSCO project in Odisha, India [2011]

Environment Support Group Environmental, Social Justice and Governance Initiative
“The proposal of South Korean transnational corporation Pohang Iron and Steel Company (POSCO) to establish in Odisha (Orissa) a massive steel-power-port-township project, backed by one of the largest iron ore mining efforts in India, is by far the single largest industrial investments in the wor...

The Case of Syngenta: Human Rights Violations in Brazil-2008 [2008]

Via Campesina, Terra de Direitos, Movimento Sem Terra (MST)
"Syngenta has two subsidiaries in Brazil which focus on sales, production, and research. Syngenta’s Brazilian operations began in February 2001, and its predecessors had been present in the country for 80 years prior to that. The company currently has testing sites, production facilities, labs, se...

The Curse of Coal: Our coal consumption causes diseases, pollution, and poverty in Colombia [2010]

DanWatch
"In January 2010 DanWatch published a Danish version of this report called ”Kullets Forbandelse”. Focus of the report is the Danish import of coal from the Cerrejón mine in Colombia. The report mentions the two importers of Cerrejón coal to Denmark – Danish DONG Energy and Swedish Vattenfa...

The Curse of Gold: Democratic Republic of Congo [2001]

Human Rights Watch
"The northeast corner of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is home to one of Africa’s richest goldfields. Competition to control the gold mines and trading routes has spurred the bloody conflict that has gripped this area since the start of the Congolese war in 1998 and continues to the pres...

The dark secret of chocolate: A report on the working conditions on the cocoa farms of West Africa [2006]

SwedWatch
"We see positive messages about chocolate everywhere, and the health-enhancing properties of cocoa are lauded. This is mainly due to the skilful marketing of chocolate products in Sweden by the chocolate companies. Advertisements, articles and features in newspapers and on radio and TV promote all t...

The Dark Side of Cyberspace: Inside the Sweatshops of China's Computer Hardware Production [2008]

World Economy, Ecology and Development (WEED), Students and Scholars Against Corporate Misbehaviour (SACOM)
"This report describes the working conditions at the supplier factories Compeq Technology (Huizhou) and Excelsior Electronics (Dongguan), which manufacture electronic products in Mainland China. Both factories produce printed circuit boards (PCBs) and other components for brand-name companies includ...

The Destruction of Odi and Rape in Choba (background briefing) [1999]

Human Rights Watch
"On November 4, 1999, an armed gang killed seven Nigerian policemen in the community of Odi, Bayelsa State, in the oil producing Niger Delta region in the far south east of the country. Five other police were killed in subsequent days. These murders were committed by a group with no apparent politic...

The Enron Corporation: Corporate Complicity in Human Rights Violations [1999]

Human Rights Watch
"This report focuses on a subsidiary of the Enron Development Corporation in India: the Dabhol Power Corporation (DPC). The DPC’s project in the state of Maharashtra constitutes the largest single foreign investment in India, and its history, since 1992, raises questions intrinsic to any serious d...

The Island of Happiness: Exploitation of Migrant Workers on Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi [2009]

Human Rights Watch
“The government of Abu Dhabi established the Tourism Development & Investment Company (TDIC) to develop Jazeera al-Saadiyat – “the Island of Happiness” – into an exclusive international tourist attraction. But many of the migrant workers currently building Saadiyat Island have little happi...

The Niger Delta: No Democratic Dividend [2002]

Human Rights Watch
"The incidents described in this report illustrate the different sorts of problems and human rights abuses affecting communities in the Niger Delta as a result of oil production and the response of the government and oil companies to community discontent…This report considers incidents that have t...

The Price of Oil: Corporate Responsibility and Human Rights Violations in Nigeria's Oil Producing Communities [1999]

Human Rights Watch
"This report is an exploration of human rights violations related to oil exploration and production in the Niger Delta, and of the role and responsibilities of the major multinational oil companies in respect of those violations. The Niger Delta has for some years been the site of major confrontatio...

The Price of Oil: Nordic Participation in Environmental Violations of Oil and Gas Development Project on Sakhalin in Russia [2006]

SwedWatch, NorWatch, FinnWatch, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC), Friends of the Earth Sweden
"The Sakhalin 2 project on the Russian Island Sakhalin is one of the world’s largest oil and gas projects. It is run by Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd (SEIC)with the majority owner Royal Dutch Shell. The project threatens the rare whale species the Western Grey Whale. Add to this is also t...

The Privatization of Water: Unequal Access [2007]

Asociación Civil por La Igualdad y La Justicia and Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales
"In 1993, the government of Argentina created what was then the largest privatized water concession in the world when it awarded a contract to Aguas Argentinas S.A., a consortium of European and Argentine companies, to operate the water and sewage systems in Buenos Aires and surrounding municipaliti...

The Reality Behind the Code: Working conditions in garment factories producing for Vendex KBB [2001]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)
"The aim of this research was to assess the relation between the policies of the Dutch retailers regarding working conditions in their supply chains and the actual working conditions in these supply chains. ... In total, twelve factories were investigated, through interviews with the management, as ...

The Small Hands of Slavery: Bonded Child Labor in India [1996]

Human Rights Watch
"With credible estimates ranging from 60 to 115 million, India has the largest number of working children in the world. Whether they are sweating in the heat of stone quarries, working in the fields sixteen hours a day, picking rags in city streets, or hidden away as domestic servants, these childre...

Tibet: Tracking Dissent on the High Plateau: Communications Technology on the Gormo-Lhasa Railway [2007]

Rights and Democracy
"In March 2005, the Canadian company Nortel announced it had entered into an agreement with China’s Ministry of Railways to provide a digital wireless com- munications network for a new railway being built in Tibet. The railway, with Nortel’s technology, became operational in July 2006. It now s...

Too High a Price: The Human Rights Cost of the Indonesian Military's Economic Activities [2006]

Human Rights Watch
“We find that the military supplements official funds using profits from its own businesses, payments from private-sector allies (often for security services), income from black market activities, and money skimmed from corrupt dealings. Formally-established businesses have performed poorly in rec...

Total Denial Continues: Earth Rights Abuses Along the Yadana and Yetagun Pipelines in Burma [2000]

Earthrights International
"Since 1995, EarthRights International cofounder Ka Hsaw Wa and a team of field staff have been traveling clandestinely on both sides of the border in the Tenasserim region to document the conditions in the pipeline corridor. In July 1996, EarthRights International and the Southeast Asian Informatio...

Total Denial: A Report on the Yadana Piepline Project in Burma [1996]

EarthRights International and Southeast Asian Information Network
"The following report, Total Denial, examines and assesses the impact of a major transnational investment scheme in Burma--the Yadana natural gas pipeline project--in terms of its effect on human rights, the environment and internal Burmese political processes… An advance draft was issued in Burma...

Toxic Cocktail: Protecting Human Rights amidst Administrative Confusion [2007]

Rights & Democracy, Conseil régional des organisations non gouvernementales de développement (CRONGD), Nouvelle Dynamique Syndicale (NDS), Association africaine de défense des droits de l’homme, Katanga representation (ASADHO/Katanga), et. al
"Starting in 1997, international financial institutions made restructuring of the DRC’s mining sector a priority. As in all developing countries with significant mining potential, this assistance was primarily directed toward defining a new mining code designed to attract foreign investment. The n...

Toxic Justice: Human Rights, Justice and Toxic Waste In Cambodia [1999]

Human Rights Watch
"In November 1998, nearly 3,000 tons of Taiwanese toxic waste were dumped in a field in the southern port of Sihanoukville. At the time, there was no law banning such dumping, but Minister of Environment Mok Mareth said publicly and repeatedly that toxic waste imports were prohibited in Cambodia and...

Trading Away Our Rights: Women Working in Global Supply Chains [2004]

Oxfam International
"Globalisation has drawn millions of women into paid employment across the developing world. Today, supermarkets and clothing stores source the products that they sell from farms and factories worldwide. At the end of their supply chains, the majority of workers – picking and packing fruit, sewing...

Trapped: The Exploitation of Migrant Workers in Malaysia [2010]

Amnesty International
“Migrant workers come to Malaysia to escape poverty and to provide for their families. Once they arrive, however, many workers toil in conditions that amount to labour exploitation. They may not be paid for months of work or may take home little or no money each month after paying their employers ...

Turning Treasure into Tears [2007]

EarthRights International
“This report describes how human rights and environmental abuses continue to be a serious problem in eastern Pegu division, Burma – specifically, in Shwegyin township of Nyaunglebin District. The heavy militarization of the region, the indiscriminate granting of mining and logging concessions, a...

Underage and Unprotected: Child Labor in Egypt's Cotton Fields [2001]

Human Rights Watch
"Most are well below Egypt's minimum age of twelve for seasonal agricultural work. They work eleven hours a day, including a one to two hour break, seven days a week-far in excess of limits set by the Egyptian Child Law. They also face routine beatings by their foremen, as well as exposure to heat a...

Undermining Rights: Forced Evictions and Police Brutality Around the Porgera Gold Mine, Papua New Guinea [2010]

Amnesty International
“On 27 April 2009, police forcibly evicted villagers living alongside the Porgera gold mine in Papua New Guinea. Families were forced to flee from their homes as police burned down their houses. In many cases residents had no opportunity to take their belongings before their houses were burned. Th...

Undue Process: Terrorism Trials, Military Courts and the Mapuche in Southern Chile [2004]

Human Rights Watch and the Observatorio de Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas (Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Watch)
“Chile’s largest indigenous people, the Mapuche, mainly inhabit Bío Bío, Araucanía, and Los Lagos (Chile’s Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Regions, respectively). Over several decades, private owners and large forestry companies have converted much of the area into massive pine and eucalyptus pla...

Universal Periodic Review-Ghana (May 2008): Human Rights Violations in the Context of Large-Scale Mining Operations: Submission by FIAN International [2008]

FIAN International
“The intention of this submission is to draw attention to the number and intensity of human rights violations in the context of large-scale mining operations in Ghana. The submission is focusing on the development of the situation in the last four years (since 2004). It is important to note though...

Unpaid Debt: The Legacy of Lundin, Petronas and OMV in Block 5A, Sudan 1997 - 2003 [2010]

European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS)
"In November 2006, a group of Sudanese civil society organisations attending the conference ‘Oil and the Future of Sudan in Juba’ called upon European Coalition on Oil in Sudan to assist in safeguarding Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement by working for compensation and reparation for the in...

Unrestrained Consumption - on Africa's Expense [2010]

DanWatch, Education for Development (IBIS)
"With this report DanWatch puts focus on the methods with witch international mining corporations exploit natural resources in Africa, without the countries' population benefiting from it. With the production of goldmines in Ghana as a specific case study, the costs and challenges of mining and the ...

Violations of the Rights of the Guarani of Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brasil [2010]

Survival International
"The lives and livelihood of the Guarani Indians in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil are being seriously damaged by the denial of land rights. The occupation and theft of their land by industries and governmental colonisation schemes has resulted in a desperate and explosive situation wher...

Violence Against Women in the Workplace in Kenya: Assessment of Workplace Sexual Harassment in the Commercial Agriculture and Textile Manufaturing Sectors in Kenya [2002]

International Labor Rights Fund
“Research conducted recently by the International Labor Rights Fund (ILRF) determined that women workers in export-processing industries in Kenya, producing goods for the US market, suffer from violent sexual abuse by their employers and supervisors. This study, based on survey research in the co...

Voices From Detention: A Report on Human Rights Violations at the Northwest Detention Center in Tacoma, Washington [2008]

Seattle University School of Law with OneAmerica (formerly Hate Free Zone)
a. “The Northwest Detention Center is owned and run by The Geo Group, Inc., a publicly traded, privately-run company in the private prison business with facilities across the globe. Originally contracted to house 500 immigrants, it now has the capacity to detain 1,000. In the first four 6 months...

Volume One: Chixoy Dam Legacy Issues Study [2005]

Center for Political Ecology
"The Chixoy Dam and its Pueblo Viejo Hydroelectric facility, built by INDE (Instituto Nacional de Electrificación) with financing from the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank, is the major source of electrical power for the nation of Guatemala. Designs for this facility were approv...

Walls at Every Turn: Abuse of Migrant Domestic Workers through Kuwait's Sponsorship System [2010]

Human Rights Watch
“In 2009, embassies of labor-sending countries in Kuwait City received more than 10,000 complaints from domestic workers about nonpayment of wages, excessively long working hours without rest, and physical, sexual, and psychological abuse. Many more abuses likely remain unreported. Domestic worke...

We Are Not Machines [2002]

Clean Clothes Campaign, Oxfam Community Aid Abroad, Oxfam Canada, Global Exchange, Maquila Solidarity Network
“In September 2000, Oxfam Community Aid Abroad released a report assessing conditions in three sport shoe factories in Indonesia, two of which produced for Nike Inc. and one of which produced for both Nike and Adidas-Salomon (hereafter referred to as "Adidas"). The report, Like Cutting Bamboo, Nik...

Well Oiled: Oil and Human Rights in Equatorial Guinea [2009]

Human Rights Watch
"Oil revenues have provided the Equatoguinean government with the money needed to do a much better job realizing their citizens’ economic and social rights. Government officials have been derelict in taking this opportunity, using public funds for personal gain at the expense of providing key soci...

When Gun Point Joins the Trade: Military Business Involvement in Bojonegoro, Boven Digoel and Poso (Executive Summary) [2004]

Research Team Commission for Disappearances and Victims of Violence (KONTRAS)
"Research on Military Business and Human Rights Violations in Indonesia is one agenda out of a series of activities that Kontras is planning in order to contribute to the process of strengthening civil supremacy and democracy in Indonesia." (p.11) "This research has found information and proofs a...

White Gold: The True Cost of Cotton: Uzbekistan, Cotton and the Crushing of a Nation [2005]

Environmental Justice Foundation
“Cotton production in Uzbekistan occurs within a framework of systematic exploitation, human rights violations, and environmental destruction. It is difficult to conceive of another industrial sector at a global level that can at once be linked to a massive ecological disaster, widespread child la...

Who Pays? How British Supermarkets are Keeping Women Workers in Poverty [2001]

ActionAid
"This report is about the supply chains that link the products on supermarket shelves to the people in developing countries who produce them. The structure of supermarket supply chains has changed in recent years, as supermarkets in the increasingly concentrated retail sectors of rich countries cher...

Who Protects the Guards? The Facts Behind G4S in Southern Africa [2007]

UNI Property Services, Alliance for Justice at Group 4 Securicor
“Security workers are so ubiquitous in Africa that one can conclude Africans have turned to private solutions to meet their security needs. The private security industry has grown tremendously in recent years…At the centre of the action is the British multinational Group 4 Securicor (G4S) — th...

Who Reaps the Fruit? Critical Issues in the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Chain [2006]

Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations (SOMO)
“This study of the Fresh Fruit and Vegetables (FFV) sector investigates the influence of trade and distribution on production and production conditions of FFV products. SOMO focuses on the corporate structures and corporate relations throughout the sector and in the production, supply and value c...

Without Remedy: Human Rights Abuse and Indonesia’s Pulp and Paper Industry [2003]

Human Rights Watch
"The massive pulp and paper industry located in Riau province on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia has received increasing international attention. The industry is economically imperiled – with debts of more than U.S.$20 billion – and is decimating wide swathes of Sumatra’s lowland tropical for...

Women Miners in Rajasthan, India: A Reflection on their life, challenges and future [2010]

Gravis, HEDCON, MISEREOR
"In the stone mines of Rajasthan, a large number of women work under difficult conditions. Mainly located in the Western and Central parts of the State, these stone mines produce sand stone and white marble to be used for construction. Estimate suggest that in Western Rajasthan districts, around 65,...

Women's Work: Discrimination Against Women in the Ukrainian Labor Force [2003]

Human Rights Watch
"In the economic stagnation and failed reforms of the post-Soviet transition period, Ukrainian women have faced many obstacles to their full and equal participation in the labor force. Widespread employer discrimination against women in the recruitment process limits women’s access to jobs, includ...

Work Conditions of Women Working in Cloth Factories in Poland [2005]

KARAT Coalition, Clean Clothes Campaign
“In Poland women constitute the great majority of persons employed in the clothing industry, and therefore, any changes in this sector have a direct impact on their lives. Decreases in the number of factories producing clothing means a loss of employment; improvement of financial results of produc...

Workers' Voices: The Situation of Women in Eastern European and Turkish Garment Industries [2005]

Clean Clothes Campaign
"The conclusion from 256 interviews with garment workers from 55 workplaces is that all basic labour standards continue to be violated in Eastern Europe and Turkey. The most common problems are that: 1. Genuine freedom of association and the right to collective bargaining are suppressed, management ...