Using Accountability Mechanisms


 

Judicial Mechanisms

Act Now! A Campaigner's Guide to the Companies Act, CORE and the Trade and Justice Movement (2007)
"This guide provides advice and ideas on how activists and campaigners can use the [UK] Companies Act to help improve the social and environmental performance of companies."

Extraterritorial Jurisdiction in the European Union - A Study of the Laws and Practice in the 27 Member States of the European Union, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and REDRESS (2010)
The paper provides a general overview of the state of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the EU, though it is not specifically aimed at corporate accountability.

Transnational Corporations on the Defendant's Seat: Human Rights Violations and Possibilities for Accountability, Terra de Direitos - Fernando Gallardo Vieira Prioste and Thiago de Azevedo Pinheiro Hoshino (2010)
The guide aims to assist organizations and social movements seeking to take action against human rights abuses committed by transnational corporations through the use of corporate accountability instruments at the national and international levels.

Transnational Litigation Manual for Human Rights and Environmental Cases in US Courts: A Resource for Non-Lawyers, Earth Rights International - Marco Simons(2006)
"This manual is intended to serve as an informational and educational tool for individuals and organizations contemplating litigation in United States courts as a remedy for human rights or environmental harms."



Non-Judicial Mechanisms

Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: A Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)(2010)

Section III: Mediation Mechanisms
FIDH's flagship guide for victims and NGOs on mechanisms to address business-related human rights abuse. Section III examines mediation mechanisms such as the OECD National Contact Points.

Section V: Voluntary Commitments: Using CSR Initiatives as a Tool for Enhanced Accountability
This section examines the mechanisms that can be explored in relation to voluntary commitments taken by companies.

Guide to the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises' Complaint Procedure. Lessons from Past NGO Complaints, OECD Watch (2006)
This guide provides assistance to NGOs on "how to construct a complaint, issues NGOs should consider before submitting a complaint, how the complaint process has been typically handled by National Contact Points and what roadblocks NGOs could encounter" and much more.

BASESwiki, Harvard Kennedy School
"BASESwiki is a collaborative work space for sharing information and learning about how dispute resolution between business and society works around the world." This resource provides user-generated information about many non-judicial mechanisms worldwide.



UN Human Rights Bodies and Mechanisms

Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: A Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)(2010)
FIDH's flagship guide for victims and NGOs on mechanisms to address business-related human rights abuse. Learn how to advocate for business accountability using UN and other intergovernmental mechanisms

Human Rights Bodies, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
This website provides direct links to all of the U.N. Human Rights Charter-based and Treaty-based bodies. It also provides an overview of the different bodies, information on petitions, information on treaty body reform, and much more.

Human Rights Treaty Bodies - Individual Communications, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
This webpage provides information for individuals and groups who would like to bring a complaint before an international human rights treaty body.

Simple Guide to the Treaty Bodies International Service for Human Rights

Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Visit this website for information on thematic and country mandates, as well as the activities of special procedure mandate holders.



International Labour Mechanisms

Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: A Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)(2010)

Section I: Intergovernmental Mechanisms, Part II: ILO Mechanisms
FIDH's flagship guide for victims and NGOs on mechanisms to address business-related human rights abuse. Section I explains intergovernmental mechanisms including the three main supervisory mechanisms available through the ILO.




Trade, Investment, and Finance Bodies

Corporate Accountability for Human Rights Abuses: A Guide for Victims and NGOs on Recourse Mechanisms, Section IV: Who is Funding the Project or Owns the Company? Using Financial Institutions' Mechanisms and Engaging with Shareholders, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)(2010)
FIDH's flagship guide for victims and NGOs on mechanisms to address business-related human rights abuse. Section IV explains how to use financial institution mechanisms and engage with shareholders.

Accountability Resources Guide, Accountability Counsel (2011)
This guide provides information for advocates "who are, or who may be harmed by projects sponsored by international financial institutions (such as the World Bank)..export promotion agencies (such as the U.S. Government’s Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) or private multi-national corporations (such as Rio Tinto or Shell)." The guide lays out how communities can access various accountability mechanisms to address possible harms and helps communities define those possible harms.

Bank Information Center - Resources
"The Bank Information Center partners with civil society in developing and transition countries to influence the World Bank and other international financial institutions to promote social and economic justice and ecological sustainability." The Center offers guides for advocates seeking to engage with the World Bank Group and other regional development banks.

Tools for Activists: An Information and Advocacy Guide to the World Bank Group, Bank Information Center (2007)
This guide assists individuals and communities to develop strategies to defend their rights in the context of development decisions. Also available in Hindi, Bahasa, Chinese and Russian.

Unpacking the ADB: A Guide to Understanding the Asian Development Bank, Bank Information Center(2006)
"The ADB Toolkits series is intended to help those unfamiliar with the Asian Development Bank to gain an understanding of the institution, the work it does, and why it is important for civil society groups to be aware of its operations. The Toolkits series also serves as a resource for activists who are already involved in monitoring ADB operations."

Examining the African Development Bank: A Primer for NGOs, Bank Information Center(2007)
"The purpose of this Primer is to help Africa's civil society better understand what the AfDB is, how it may affect them, and what they can do to influence it."

Citizens Guide to the EIB (European Investment Bank), Counter Balance (2008)
This guide lays out basic facts about EIB and discusses the Bank's obligations under EU law and EU development goals and treaties.

Know Your Rights, International Accountability Project
This website provides resources on the human rights obligations of corporations and international financial institutions.